Fundamental Pillars (5of9) of the Rule of Law, as espoused by Prof Dicey and accepted in most common law jurisdictions:
1. Supremacy of the Law-everyone is subject to the law, including lawmakers, law enforcers, law interpreters.
2. Due Process-Laws must be made and implemented following due process to settle the perception of justice.
3. Prospective laws-laws must be prospective and not retrospective. This increases CERTAINTY OF LAW, and ensures perception of justice. Uncertainty of law is bad for justice. Will you change your footy rules after a football game has been played, and apply it to that game, making yourself the winner, whereas in the precious rules you WERE THE LOSER?
4. And underlying Moral basis for law-law should be based on a fundamental moral code.
5. Independent Judiciary-the judiciary must nor be subject to control of the legislature or executive or anyone. And
Must make its interpretation without fear or favour.
"The rule of law is better than
that of any individual." -Aristotle
"The King himself ought not to be subject to man, but subject to God and
the law, because the law makes him King". Lord CJ Coke (1610)